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雅思口语圈 1月疑似Part 2新题第一弹 《得过的一种病》内附答案

近期发布 编辑:环球教育 浏览:(35次)

  这一年太快了啊!2021年!随之而来的又是新一轮的换题季了!

  Part1work

  text message还有几个记不清了

  Part2

  得过的—种病?? ? ? ?妈耶看到题目瞬间懵逼! ! ! !

  什么病

  什么时候得的你觉得怎么样

  Part3

  现代人是不是容易得病哪些人容易得病

  懵逼了就记住这几个题目了

  作为新年首封,我监测到了疑似的一道略显变态的part 2话题《得过的一种病》。

  这道题来自东莞机考考生。虽然我无法确定这道题之后真的是否会出现,但它也是一个很好的学习案例,只有你从本质上了解了解题思路,你才可以hold住任何一道新题。

  当我们拿到一道新题后,请先不要思考我究竟曾经得过什么病。我们先来明确这道题的关键词,也就是“病 (illness/disease)”。

  确定关键词的目的就是为了进一步明确它的拓展方向有哪一些?提前明确细节拓展方向可以帮助我们更好的规划整道题的内容走向。

雅思口语圈 | 1月疑似Part 2新题第一弹 《得过的一种病》(内附答案)

  现在我们就可以就“病 (illness/disease)”来进行维度拆分:

  Type 类型

  我会将“illness”分为“身体疾病(physical illness)”和“心理疾病(mental disease)”两部分。

  身体疾病就是出现在人身体的各个部位,从头到脚,从皮肤到内脏均可,比如:skin disease 皮肤病/ heart disease 心脏病/ stomach illness 胃病/ migraines 偏头痛/ obesity 肥胖症等;

  心理疾病多为压力情绪引起的疾病,包括:depression 抑郁症/ bipolar disorder 情感双向障碍/ manic 狂躁症/ anxiety  焦虑症/ insomnia 失眠/ claustrophobia 幽闭症。

  Symptoms 症状

  受单词局限,症状会是比较难阐述的一类。面对较难的角度时,我们需要学会放过自己,同时不要给出过于专业的内容,更多的只是“general”的描述,

  比如:心理疾病可能引起的症状为眩晕“dizziness”/ 食欲不振“loss appetite”/ 情绪低落“in low spirits”/ 疲倦“fatigue”等;身体疾病可能引起的症状为疼痛“ache”/ 呼吸不畅“hard to breath”/ 虚弱“weak”等。

  Popularity 受欢迎程度

  “popularity”这一角度几乎存在于所有雅思part 2话题,除了部分事件类话题。针对“病症”,我们依旧可以考虑它的“流行度”。比如,冠状病毒就是一个传染度很高的疾病,但有些疾病则很罕见,只有少数人才有。为此,你可以思考一下你得的这个病是高发的还是就只有少部分人得了。

  History 历史

  病也是有历史的,有些是很早就有的,有些则是新出来的,比如新冠。出现的时间长短会决定治疗的难易程度。

  Origins 来源

  有些病是专门在某些国家才有的,比如dengue 登革热就是出现在热带地区的,其他地方就很少会得。你可能患上这种病就是因为去了某一热带国家。

  Cost 费用

  有些病的治疗费用可以“cost you an arm and a leg”(很贵),有些则不需要怎么花钱或者就可以自愈。如果你有为这个病花了很多钱,你可以聊一聊它贵的原因以及这些钱你最终是怎么付的,自己付还是用医保来承担,或者家人直接帮你付了。对于读书的学生而言,有些时候不敢生病也是因为看病会花费掉部分的生活费。

  Duration 持续时间

  不同的病需要不同的周期来治愈,有些短短几天,有些长达几年。不管多久,它一定会对你的生活产生一定的影响。为此,你也可以聊一聊在得病期间你的个人感受是怎么样的,煎熬还是麻木了?

  Treatment 治疗

  治疗方式包括开刀、吃药以及保守治疗。你在阐述过程中可以体现一个主次或者时间线变化。有些病需要多种方式进行联合治疗,有些则会根据你的不同阶段有不一样的治疗方案。比如:我之前因为滑板手摔断了,医生说如果一个星期后我的骨头发生位移,我就需要做手术,如果没有则只需要绑绷带即可。

  When 什么时候会得

  有些病是季节性的,它只会在专门某一个季节的时候出现,比如花粉过敏;有些则一年四季都会有。如果它是有季节性的,我们又可以聊一聊这一季节会出现这一病症的原因。比如,在我大学期间,我得了带状疱疹。这个病会刺激脊椎神经,为此你也会痛的睡不着觉。这个病主要出要在春天的时候,因为万物复苏所以病毒也相对较多。

  Who 什么人会得

  病也是分人得的。有些病专挑免疫力低下的人,有些则是按年龄来看的。不过它的标准也会发生变化,比如:心梗,过往都是年纪大的人得的,但现在却开始出现在年轻人中间。

  How often 得病频率

  有些病你得过一次就不会再得,比如:水痘;但有些则会反复,比如:感冒,有些人一到换季的时候就会感冒发烧。

  How you know about it 你怎么知道的

  并不是所有的病你都是提前就知道的,比如:冠状病毒。如果这个病不是特别常规,你可以聊一聊从不知道到知道这个病的全过程。

  After effect 后遗症

  有些病会伴随着一定的后遗症,比如:冠状病毒。一旦有人得了此病,他可能之后的身体机能就会比常人差一些。

  通过对角度的拆解和分析,现在你可以看到这个话题我们能聊的内容其实很多。既然如此,你也不用害怕自己会讲不够时间或不知道怎么拓展。

  现在我们就可以根据以上角度,同时结合具体的问题来安排细节部分的内容啦。

  01

  What kind of disease you suffered from

  从以上的角度来看,我们的选择面很大。不过我会推荐比较基础,同时表述难度不是很大的来供大家参考,比如:

  How you know about it

  A few years ago I was feeling really down and nothing I did made me feel better.  I couldn't quite pinpoint 查明 what was wrong with me but on some days I could barely get out of bed 起床. My mum told me I should go and see a doctor and at first, I was hesitant but figured it couldn't hurt.

We went together and the doctor was very kind and after asking many questions, she explained I was suffering from depression. I was quite shocked at first but she explained many people suffer from it and it can be managed with a balance of exercise and medication.

  Symptoms 症状

  Well, a few months ago,  I was feeling a bit under the weather 身体不舒服, I had a fever but just put it down to 归因于 the season change. But I got worse as the days went on.  I had the shivers 寒颤 and sweats and had zero energy.  I went to the doctor and he told me I had caught the flu.  He gave me some medication and told me I had to stay in bed.

  Cost 花费

  Once I had a form of skin disease. At first, I thought it would heal naturally, but it got worse and my whole body was itchy 痒的 and painful. I reluctantly 不情愿地 went to the hospital. Even though I was only there for about 30 mins, it cost me an arm and a leg 很贵. As I didn’t have any health insurance, I had to pay the bill by myself.

  02

  When you had the disease

  如果你在第一问中给出了大的时间范围,比如:一个月前/几年前,在第二问题的拓展中你就需要给出更为具体的时间点信息。

  在以往的事件类话题讲解中,我都有说明过具体时间点的拓展方式:Year-month-date-hour。如果你想让时间的表述变得更为自然以及更具画面感,你可以用“天气”信息来代替“date”,“hour”则通过“before/after/while”的关系来表达。

  Example :

I remember it was on a cold Friday night when I suddenly had a pain in my stomach.  At first, I thought it was because I had eaten too much or I had eaten something that didn't agree with my stomach so I just turned off my phone and tried to sleep, hoping I would wake up feeling better.

  However, I woke up in the middle of the night with cold sweats 冷汗 and the pain was unbearable so I woke my mum and she quickly rushed me to the hospital.

  如果你在第一问里没有给出直接的时间,你除了可以继续按“year-month-date-hour”的方式进行拓展外,你也可以用“duration”来阐述它的起止时间—开始于什么时候,结束于什么时候。

  Example :

I suffered from depression when I was in high school. Everything was going well until I took my first midterm exam. I didn't do very well and my parents were very disappointed. Following that they put even more pressure on me to do well and to be honest, it was too much.

I felt myself becoming more and more depressed and I didn't know what to do. Finally, I spoke to my parents and I think they saw that I needed some professional help.  They took me to a doctor who helped a lot.

  He also talked to my parents about how too much pressure can trigger 引起 depression so they took it on board 采取建议 and didn't harass 困扰 me so much about my studies.  A few months later I was feeling much better and I was getting good grades again.

  03

  How you felt about it

  对于得病的感受,我们可以有积极的感受,也可以从负面的点出发。

  先设想负面的观点,说明这次得病给你带来的损失有点多,比如:错过考试/落下功课/耽误工作等。也有可能是通过一场病让你感受到人情冷暖,比如:被嘲笑/被忽视/被冷落等。

  Example :

  Even though I was cured, I still felt a bit down, because during that period, I was bullied 欺凌 by other classmates just because I got the virus. They gave me so many ugly nicknames and my friends’ parents even asked them leave far away from me. I was isolated and also depressed. Now I am always alone. I don’t like to talk to others and also refuse to make new friends.

  但当然通过一次病,我们也会产生很多好的感受,比如:意识到健康的重要性,开始建立好的生活习惯;感受到来自亲朋好友的关爱,很温馨等。

  Example : Even though the illness made me feel absolutely terrible, I was overwhelmed by the support my family and friends showed me.  Every day lots of people dropped by with delicious food and beautiful flowers. My best friends even came to the hospital to help me keep up to date with all the new course work and to help me revise. Thanks to them, I made a speedy recovery and when I went back to school, I managed to pass my exam with flying colors 高分. Thanks to the illness, I realized how important family and friends are.

  Example :

  The illness really taught me a lesson on the importance of looking after yourself. In the past, I seldom paid attention to my health, as I thought I was young and I was as fit as a fiddle 健康. But now I know I have to take care of myself more. Now every day I go to bed early and get up at 6 am. Then I do exercise for an hour. I quit eating junk food. Instead, I cook for myself every day. With a lot of effort, I am much healthier than before.

  看完以上三小问的解析,现在就该轮到你来完成整篇话题啦!

  参考答案:【得过的一种病】

  What kind of disease you suffered from

Depression is very common not only among adults but also among teenagers and something I suffered from a while back. I didn't actually know what depression was until the doctor told me. I was shocked and also felt very anxious. Then I started receving treatment and realized I could manage it carefully with exercise and medication.

   When you had the disease

It started when I was in high school. Everything was going well until I took my first midterm exam. I didn't do very well and my parents were very disappointed. Following that they put even more pressure on me to do well and to be honest, it was too much.  I felt myself becoming more and more depressed and I didn't know what to do. Finally, I spoke to my parents and I think they saw that I needed some professional help.  They took me to a doctor who helped a lot.

  He also talked to my parents about how too much pressure can trigger 引起 depression so they took it on board 采取建议 and didn't harass 困扰 me so much about my studies.  A few months later I was feeling much better.

   How you felt about it

  It was a really bad time in my life. Because of depression, I got behind at school but and for me, it was my friends. They were amazing. They rallied around 团结在周围 and made me feel so much better and tried to help me keep up to date with all my school work. I am not sure i could have done it without them.


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