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雅思口语Part 2《告诉朋友实情》难就难在你对“truth”的过分解读 内附答案

近期发布 编辑:环球教育 浏览:(23次)

  大家寒假还开心不?道个歉,最近拖更真不是有意的,是因为课太多了。作为培训机构的老师,你们的假日就是我们最忙的工作日,所以真的很sorry,但真的没有忘记你们。Part 2的完整答案很快也会安排上了,就剩几道题目了。最近几天每晚都在跟考官校对内容和表达,希望呈现给大家最高质量同时又是免费的答案呀。

  好了,废话不多说来给大家解题。今天给大家选择讲解的应该算本季最难的话题之一了吧—《告诉朋友实情》。

  Describe a time when you told your friend an important truth

  You should say:

  Who your friend is

  What the truth was

  What your friend’s reaction was

  And explain why you think it was important to tell your friend the truth

  这道题之所以被称为难题就在于“Truth”这个单词,很多同学直接将其翻译为“实话”,接着又把内容定义为“之前可能有欺骗的成分”在里面。但事实却是,“truth”也可以解释为“the true facts about sth, rather than the things that have been invented or guessed”(真相/事实)。这也就意味着“我没有必要一定要讲一个朋友被绿的故事”,我可以告诉她的事实是“跑步会让小腿变粗”。

  也正是如此,我们可以直接将这道题定性为“方向不明确型事件类话题”。本季度话题中,诸如《许下的承诺》,《有趣的谈话》,《给别人建议》,《无聊的事》,《忘记重要的事情》都可归为一类,它们的思考逻辑一致。

  至于此类话题该如此思考,你不如先阅读一遍我之前的推文—《事件类话题解题思路纯干货篇分享(下篇)》(点击标题查看全文)。在这篇推文里,我重点讲解了“方向不明确型事件类事件类”话题的解题技巧。

 雅思口语Part 2《告诉朋友实情》难就难在你对“truth”的过分解读 (内附答案)

  按此类话题的思考逻辑来看,我们在思考“Truth”的时候需要先自定义区间范围,也就是雅思口语的四大话题类别:People/ place/ object/ activity,接着我们就可以从这四块着手对其分别进行拆分。

  假设我想聊的“Truth”和人有关,我就需要先来拆分“People”的维度。

  在之前的推送中,我有拆分过“people”的维度,它包括:Hobby/ occupation/ personality/ appearance/ how you know (about)/ age/ life experience/ relationship/ where from (home address/ nationality/ hometown)/ education background/ family background/ social status/ marital status/ social network/ zodiac sign/ wealth/ sexuality/ habit/ language/ health/ popularity/ achievement/ name/ gender/ outlook etc.

  这也就意味着我最终想聊的“truth”可能和其中的某一个维度有关。

  这个“truth”可能和“habit”有关系,因为一个人的习惯又可以分为“Diet/ Sleep/ Sports etc.”,所以我最终可以告知的事实,比如:

  - “催吐会得厌食症”

  - “代餐并不一定能减肥”

  - “喝奶茶容易得糖尿病”

  - “熬夜会变胖”

  - “晚上运动不是最好的选择”

  这个“truth”可能和“appearance”有关系,因为一个人的外貌又可以分为“五官/身材/身高/发型/穿着”,所以我最终可以告知的事实,比如:

  - “瘦脸针的危害”

  - “经常染头发容易脱发”

  这个“truth”可能和“health”有关系,因为一个人的健康又可以分为“physical health & mental health”,所以我最终可以告知的事实,比如:

  - “抑郁症是需要吃药才能控制的”

  - “板蓝根并不能抑制新冠病毒”

  以上是我从“people”着手给的示例,你也可以尝试从其他几个方向着手来思考可能性的事实,比如:

  - “大城市并非真的适合所有人”

  - “出国留学容易得抑郁症”

  - “大公司不是想象中的圣地,小公司或者更能锻炼人的能力”

  - “Gap year会让人失去斗志”

  明确了你能讲的话题内容后,我们就可以结合小问的答题结构来完成整篇内容了。

  01

  Who your friend is

  说实话,事件类话题的小问一般开始于“when” & “where”之类的问题,像这篇直截了当的出来“who”也是一件很尴尬的事情。一般而言,面对此种情况,我会自行加上有关时间地点的信息,然后再带出第一问需要的内容。

  对于“when”部分的拓展,我们可以直接按具体时间点的拓展格式进行“Year-month-date-hour”, 再给出和“date”相关的信息时,我们可以用“天气信息/星期几/早中晚”来取代具体的日子,“hour”部分则可以用“before/after/while”来指代具体的时刻。

  比如:It took place about a month ago. It was a sunny Sunday afternoon. After having just woken up from a cat nap....

  对于“where”部分的拓展,我们则可以给出相关的地点信息,诸如“location”/“popularity”等。

  比如:It took place about a month ago. I was hanging out with my friend, Anna and we went to a newly-opened Starbucks to have a cup of coffee. It was popular, so when we arrived, there were no seats for us. We just bought a coffee and then went to a park nearby to have a chat.

 雅思口语Part 2《告诉朋友实情》难就难在你对“truth”的过分解读 (内附答案)

  对于“who”部分的拓展,我们则可以从人的维度着手进行拓展但最好你拓展的维度和你最终要讲的事实有一定的关联性。假设我想要说的事实是“常染头发会脱发”,我在第一问的拓展就会从她的喜好和外貌着手,她是一个非常喜欢追逐潮流的人,同时喜欢尝试各种新的发色。

  最终,我们在回答第一小问时就可以采取“when+who”或“when+where+who”的模式来开启一个故事。

  Example one:

  Actually it took place about a month ago. It was a sunny Sunday afternoon. After having just woken up from a cat nap, my friend, Lisa called me and asked me to go to the hairdresser 理发师 with her, as she had decided to dye her hair again.

  Lisa is a very fashionable young girl. She likes to follow the latest fashion trends. When there is a new color out, she likes to try it immediately on her hair.

  Example two:

  Well, it took place a couple of days ago. I was hanging out with my friend, Anna. She is a bubble tea 奶茶 lover and she is really addicted to it, she drinks at least 3 bottles of it every day. That day, we went to a newly-opened bubble tea store together. As it was popular, there was a long line and we had to wait.

  02

  What the truth was

  有关第二问的拓展,我们需要着力于“truth”本身。鉴于我们的“truth”可能是在揭示某个东西的不好或者说明某个东西的好,我们便可从它对应的优势或者劣势进行细节阐述。除此之外,我们也可以说明这个事实的来源是哪或者你是怎么知道的。

  Example one:

  On the way to the hairdresser, I asked her if she knew about all the side effects 副作用 of dying her hair frequently. I told her that I had read an article which said that some people lose their hair as a result of too much bleach 漂发 and it doesn't grow back.

  Example two:

When we were waiting in the queue, I told her that she should reduce the amount of bubble tea she drinks. Even though it is tasty, it isn't really good for your health. I had just watched a video about a young girl our age who now suffers from diabetes 糖尿病 after drinking too much bubble tea.

  03

  What your friend’s reaction was

  至于一个人对于“truth”的反应,它大致有这么几种:

  慌张

  因为听说了之前不知道的事情,有些人会shocked甚至Panic,他们会意识到问题的严重性并作出反思。

  Example :

  My friend was a bit shocked and looked worried. She said that she drinks more bubble tea than that girl and she was afraid that she would suffer from diabetes as well. She decided on the spot 立刻/当场 to quit drinking bubble tea.

  无所畏惧

  有些人听到会不以为意,它们认为这样的事实可能对自己的影响不会太大,不管好的影响或者不好的。

  Example :

  Well, my friend didn't seem too worried about it and it certainly didn't stop her from dying her hair again.  She said that as long as she uses a good quality hair dye she would be ok.

  无所谓-慌张

  有些人的心理则会发生变化,可能刚开始不是很相信或者不认同,但后来了解到真正的事实开始慌张。

  Example :

Actually when my friend heard the truth, she didn’t think it was a big deal and carried on drinking her bubble tea. But when I showed her the video, she started to panic and thought she should stop drinking it, as she didn't want to experience the same thing the girl had.

  04

  Why it was important to tell the truth

  对于为什么要告知事实,如果这个事实本身是不好的,比如:“喝奶茶会得糖尿病”,“常染头发会脱发”,你的告知是出于担心。

  Example one:

I knew my friend wouldn't listen to me but I knew I  had to tell her just in case she hadn't read anything about it.  She loves to look good but i told her it wasn't worth losing her hair over. There are other things she could do to her hair to make herself look and feel good.

  Example two: Even though it was a bit hard to tell my friend the truth, it was still very important for me to tell her, as I was concerned about her health. She drank bubble tea like water. I knew If she kept up this habit, she would definitely have some problems like that girl. I didn’t want to see anything happen to my friend.

  如果这个事实本身是好的,比如:“早起运动可以加速新陈代谢”,你的告知则是为了让对方有更好的发展。

  好了,看完四小问的拆分,你有想好自己要说啥了不?

  参考答案:【告诉朋友实情】

  Describe a time when you told your friend an important truth

  Who your friend is

  Actually it took place about a month ago. It was a sunny Sunday afternoon. After having just woken up from a cat nap, my friend, Lisa called me and asked me to go to the hairdresser 理发师 with her, as she had decided to dye her hair again.

  Lisa is a very fashionable young girl. She likes to follow the latest fashion trends. When there is a new color out, she likes to try it immediately on her hair.

  What the truth was

  On the way to the hairdresser, I asked her if she knew about all the side effects 副作用 of dying her hair frequently. I told her that I had read an article which said that some people lose their hair as a result of too much bleach and it doesn't grow back.

  What your friend’s reaction was

  Well, my friend didn't seem too worried about it and it certainly didn't stop her from dying her hair again.  She said that as long as she uses a good quality hair dye she would be ok.

  And explain why you think it was important to tell your friend the truth

I knew my friend wouldn't listen to me but I knew I  had to tell her just in case she hadn't read anything about it.  She loves to look good but i told her it wasn't worth losing her hair over. There are other things she could do to her hair to make herself look and feel good.


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